Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments  
 
Natural deduction, logic: is a calculus by Gerhard Gentzen (Gentzen, “Untersuchungen über das logische Schließen“. In Mathematische Zeitschrift Band 39, 1935, pp. 176–210, 405–431), which largely manages without axioms and instead works with introductory and eliminating rules for the operators used. Assumptions that are needed in the course of time can be partly eliminated later. See also axiomatization, axiom systems, axioms, inference. _____________ Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.  
Author  Item  More concepts for author  

Geach, Peter  Natural Deduction  Geach, Peter T.  
Wessel, H.  Natural Deduction  Wessel, H.  
