|Body: In philosophy, the body refers to the physical material entity that constitutes an individual organism. It is distinct from the mind or consciousness, and is often a subject of philosophical inquiry regarding identity and existence. See also Identity, Existence, Identification, Individuals Individuation, Personal Identity, Person, Humans, Animals, Mind, Consciousness._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.