|Stimulus: is a change in the state of a variable which, by acting on a subject or ultimately a sense cell, can have or cannot have effect or a willingness to do so. Stimuli can occur both outside and inside a living system. While in an event that is without effect, one does not speak of a cause, one speaks very well of stimuli, which remain subliminally and thus trigger no reaction. The reason for this is that several levels are involved in the processing of stimuli and inhibitions may occur during processing._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Umberto Eco on Stimuli - Dictionary of Arguments
Stimulus/Art/Eco: the stimulus is ambiguous. The recipient cannot simply perform an operation, he/she cannot isolate any signifiers and has to grasp the totality. The reaction is theoretically infinite, since it ends when the form stops appearing appealing to the recipient. This is about habituation._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Opera aperta, Milano 1962, 1967
Das offene Kunstwerk Frankfurt/M. 1977
La struttura assente, Milano 1968
Einführung in die Semiotik München 1972