|Necessity, philosophy: different kinds of necessity are distinguished, differing in their strength. For example, physical, logical or metaphysical necessity. See also necessity de dicto, necessity de re._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
William Kneale on Necessity - Dictionary of Arguments
Wright I 31
Natural necessity/necessity/Wright, G. H.: is sometimes assumed as a "medium" domain between empirical generality and logical necessity.
Both positivism and conventionalism would deny that causal laws received their "explanatory value" from the supposed fact that they ascertained the necessary connections between natural events.
Natural necessity/Kneale: the concept and understanding of natural laws as principles of necessity have been reintroduced into the modern discussion, mainly by Kneale. (W. Kneale, Probability and Induction, 1949 - W. Kneale,"Universality and Necessity" BJPS 12,1961.)_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Probability and induction Oxford 1966
Truth and Objectivity, Cambridge 1992
Wahrheit und Objektivität Frankfurt 2001
"Language-Mastery and Sorites Paradox"
Truth and Meaning, G. Evans/J. McDowell, Oxford 1976
Georg Henrik von Wright
Explanation and Understanding, New York 1971
Erklären und Verstehen Hamburg 2008