Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Rationality, philosophy: rationality is the ability of a being to consciously adapt to a situation due to the generalizations of his experiences. It can also be rational to want to learn something new. See also system, order, creativity, discoveries, evaluation, repetition.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
Habermas III 239
Rationality/Weber/Habermas: the term can have several meanings: a) increasing theoretical mastery of reality through increasingly precise abstract terms
b) methodological achievement of objectives through more precise calculation of means. (1)
III 240
Practical rationality/Weber/Habermas: a) Weber starts from a broad concept of technology that exists for every action, e.g. prayer techniques...
III 241
b) This broad meaning limits Weber by specifying means that are part of the objective world.
III 242
c) Not only means, also purposes can be more or less rational. (2)
III 243
In this context, a distinction is made between formal (more technical) and material (more ethical) rationality.
d) According to formal rationality, the actor must be aware of his preferences. Weber is, however, sceptical about normative issues.

1. M. Weber, Gesammelte Ausätze zur Religionssoziologie, Vol. I. 1963, p. 265f.
2. Ibid. p. 265


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Weber I
M. Weber
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism - engl. trnsl. 1930
German Edition:
Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus München 2013

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Ha III
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Ha IV
Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-12-06
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