|Abstraction: Subsumption of objects by non-consideration of certain properties. See also equivalence relation, concretion, concreta, indiscernibility._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Habermas IV 128
Abstraction/development of law/state/society/history/Durkheim/Habermas: a generalization of values corresponds to the abstraction of the concept of God: "The concept of the human replaces (...) in law, in morality, in religion the concept of the Roman, which is more concrete and therefore unruly for science". (1)
Habermas: the parallel development at the level of institutionalized values consists in a universalization of law and moral, which at the same time entails a disenchanting of sacred law, namely the de-formalization of the course of law. The rules of law and morality are freed from local circumstances, ethnic and climatic characteristics, etc.
Habermas IV 129
Problem/Durkheim: the more abstract rules no longer have the same authority as the sacral rules. These general principles can only have an effect on actions with the help of the mind. (2)
1. E. Durkheim, De la division du travail social, German: Über die Teilung der sozialen Arbeit, Frankfurt, 1977, S. 331.
2.Ebenda._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Rules of Sociological Method - French: Les Règles de la Méthode Sociologique, Paris 1895
Die Regeln der soziologischen Methode Frankfurt/M. 1984
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981