Anonymity/Lanier: thesis: ethics in the digital world is based on design. There are well-founded theories about factors that influence good or bad behaviour on the internet.
How mean people behave towards each other on the internet depends on the degree of anonymity.
Anonymity/Lanier: certainly has its place, but it requires careful design. A substantial exchange of views requires full presence. It is therefore one of the fundamental rights of an accused person to be allowed to face his prosecutor.
Before the World Wide Web, there were two types of online connections. One was Usenet, which usually required a connection to universities or the military, so that the Usenet population consisted mainly of educated adults. It would have been easy to design a non-anonymous system (for the Internet) at that time. If this had happened at that time, today's websites might not have the design aesthetics of incidental anonymity. (See Terminology/Lanier)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
You are not a Gadget. A Manifesto, New York 2010
Gadget: Warum die Zukunft uns noch braucht Frankfurt/M. 2012