|Order, philosophy: order is the division of a subject area by distinctions or the highlighting of certain differences as opposed to other differences. The resulting order can be one-dimensional or multi-dimensional, i.e. linear or spatial. Examples are family trees, lexicons, lists, alphabets. It may be that only an order makes certain characteristics visible, e.g. contour lines. Ordering spaces may be more than three-dimensional, e.g. in the attribution of temperatures to color-determined objects. See also conceptual space, hierarchies, distinctness, indistinguishability, stratification, identification, individuation, specification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Norbert Wiener on Order - Dictionary of Arguments
Order/Wiener: the more likely a schema type is, the less order it contains, because order is (...) a lack of coincidence. The usual measure of the degree of order of a schema group selected from a larger group is the negative logarithm of the probability of the smaller group, if we assume the probability of the larger group equal to one.
The positive logarithm of probability is the measure of disorder._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Cybernetics, Second Edition: or the Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine Cambridge, MA 1965
The Human Use of Human Beings (Cybernetics and Society), Boston 1952
Mensch und Menschmaschine Frankfurt/M. 1952