Lewis Mumford on Time - Dictionary of Arguments
Weizenbaum I 42
Time/Clocks/History/Progress/Mumford: (L. Mumford, Technics and Civilization, NY, 1963, p. 13f) The monastery was the place of orderly living. The exact observance of time schedules had almost become second nature. The clock is not only a means of keeping records on hours, but also a means of making people's actions more concurrent... there have been documents on mechanical watches since the 13th century.
At that time, the bell towers did not yet have a dial and no pointers, which convert the temporal into a spatial movement. So they struck to all events the hour with the bell. The clouds that blocked the sundial were no longer an obstacle. The striking of the bell brought a new regularity into the life of the craftsman and the merchant. The measurement of time became the timing of everyday activities, the temporal control of work activity and the rationing of time. In the course of this development, eternity lost more and more its function as the measure and centre of man's actions._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Technics and Civilization New York 1947
Computer Power and Human Reason. From Judgment to Calculation, W. H. Freeman & Comp. 1976
Die Macht der Computer und die Ohnmacht der Vernunft Frankfurt/M. 1978