Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Polysemy: polysemy is an expression for the ambiguity of characters or linguistic expressions. See also ambiguity, indeterminacy.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Peter Gärdenfors
I 201
Polysemy/Gärdenfors: many words seem to have a large number of different meanings that have little to do with each other. There are two ways to deal with this within the framework of a semantic theory. (Lakoff, 1987, p.420, Tyler & Evans, 2001, pp.727-733, Zlatev, 2003, Van der Gucht, Klaas, & De Cuypere, 2007).
1. Full specification: every single meaning is listed in the lexicon, but also the semantic relations between them can be specified. (Lakoff, 1987, pro)
I 202
2. Minimum specification: a word meaning is assumed to be central, the others are derived either by context information or by semantic transformations.
Jackendoff: (1983, pp. 118-189): Thesis: The mind does not form abstract concepts out of nothing.
Lakoff (1987) Thesis: our mind would be overburdened if it had to store all 24 meanings of "over" individually. Solution: Remembrance of prototypes plus general semantic principles for the formation of other meanings.
Gärdenfors dito: I call the means for this semantic transformation.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Gä I
P. Gärdenfors
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-22