|Prepositions: prepositions are words such as "due to", "despite", "with", "except", which complement and modify a noun phrase (NP). Prepositions may have a temporal, localizing or substantive meaning, or specify the manner of an execution._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Prepositions/Meanings/Gärdenfors: Prepositions form a closed class with few elements. However, they are often used for a large number of meanings.
GärdenforsVsTradition: traditionally it is assumed that prepositions express spatial relations, but I believe that a central part of their meaning involves force dynamics.
Problem: it is controversial today whether e.g. "on", "in" and "about" additionally require the spatial-visual domain.
Since prepositions form a closed class in most languages, new meanings cannot be introduced simply by added words. (See Tyler & Evans, 2001, p. 761)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014