|Synonymy, philosophy: synonymy is the similarity of meaning of linguistic expressions. The conditions for actual equality of meaning are diverse and vary considerably, depending on the consideration of various aspects such as e.g. regional characteristics of the language use or different size of the subject area in question. See also intension, extension, identity, externalism, opacity, substitution, interpretation, translation, language usage._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
John Lyons on Synonymy - Dictionary of Arguments
Def Contrast/Linguistics/Lyons: two elements of expression are in contrast when the substitution of one by the other creates another word or sentence in the same context.
Def Free Variation/Linguistics/Lyons: there are two elements of expression in free variation, if the substitution of one by the other does not produce another word or sentence in the same context.
Contrast/free variations/Lyons: are only interpreted distributionally if words are considered with regard to their grammatical function (noun, verb, adjective, etc.).
Free variation/semantics/Lyons: here free variation is usually referred to as "synonymy". _____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Semantics Cambridge, MA 1977
Introduction to Theoretical Lingustics, Cambridge/MA 1968
Einführung in die moderne Linguistik München 1995