|Utterance: oral performance of a sentence as opposed to the mere thinking or writing. See also actions, speech acts utterance conditions, assertibility conditions_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Utterance/linguistics/Lyons: unequal sentence: the actual utterances cannot be completely described by a previous description of the possible sentences of a language.
Sentence/Utterance: the distinction between sentence and utterance is fundamental to modern linguistics. But we can first develop some basic concepts without them.
In the next three chapters, "sentence" and "utterance" will still be used synonymously. Later:
Sentence: Unit of langue
Utterance: Manifestation of the parole.
Utterance/modern linguistics/Lyons: N.B.: neither words nor sentences nor any units of language description at all are already "given" in non-analytic material.
The linguist's material is the utterance.
Def Utterance/Harris: "any part of a person's speech, before and after which that person is silent". That is a pre-scientific description, of course.
Utterancce: many are incomplete! Therefore, they are not equivalent to sentences or words._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Semantics Cambridge, MA 1977
Introduction to Theoretical Lingustics, Cambridge/MA 1968
Einführung in die moderne Linguistik München 1995