|Active: from the perspective of an agent. The passive form of the corresponding verb does not lead to a change in the meaning of the verb._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Lyons I 258
Active/Passive/Transformational Grammar/Chomsky/Lyons: although subject and object are reversed, identity or similarity prevails between the two corresponding sentences in the deep structure. But this is also the prerequisite that the interchange of subject and object can be determined at all.
Problem: there is disagreement as to whether there is dissimilation or not.
For example, assuming that the shooting of the hunters is not ambiguous.
Problem: then we would still require the grammar to be
a) Between the shooting of the hunters and the transitive sentence NP1 shoot the hunters as well as
b) establishing relations between the hunters shooting and the intransitive the hunters shoot._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Semantics Cambridge, MA 1977
Introduction to Theoretical Lingustics, Cambridge/MA 1968
Einführung in die moderne Linguistik München 1995