|Abstraction: Subsumption of objects by non-consideration of certain properties. See also equivalence relation, concretion, concreta, indiscernibility._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Gärdenfors I 129
Abstraction/Lyons/Gärdenfors: Lyons (1977) (John Lyons, Semantics, pp. 443-445, Cambridge, 1977) distinguishes three fundamental "orders".
1. Physical Objects
2. Events, processes, states
3. Proposition, schemata, ("outside of space and time").
Identity/Lyons: this has important consequences: one can say, for example, that the same moose was in the garden yesterday - but not: e.g. the same storm destroyed the garden again today._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Semantics Cambridge, MA 1977
Introduction to Theoretical Lingustics, Cambridge/MA 1968
Einführung in die moderne Linguistik München 1995
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014