|Frame theories: frame theories such as e.g. the frame semantics relate linguistic utterances to a framework that forms the world knowledge of the language users. It is assumed that the meaning of words in the everyday language comes from typical use situations. These situations are assumed to be a frame of reference when interpreting. Within the frame, various perspectives (e.g., teacher/student or physician/patient) are possible. See also knowledge representation, reference systems, semantic mapping, artificial intelligence._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Frame Theories/Linguistics/Gärdenfors: frame theories have become popular in cognitive sciences, linguistics and computer science. They allow for vacancies that can be filled with characteristics.
GärdenforsVsFrame theories: I place more emphasis on the geometric structure of conceptual representations. We can thus better express the extent to which concepts are more closely related or central.
Frame-Semantics/Fillmore/Gärdenfors: Fillmore's approach is the best-known case of using frames. (Fillmore (1968, 1976, 1982)). (1) (2) (3)
Definition Frame/Fillmore: characterizes a small "scene" or "situation". In order to understand the semantic structure a verb is needed, to understand the schematized scene.
Frame Theory/Pustejovsky/Gärdenfors: (Pustejovsky, 1991) (4): introduces a "Qualia structure" as a representative tool transversely to categories.
(1) Fillmore, C. (1968). The case for case. In E. Bach & E. T. Harms (Eds.), Universals in linguistic theory (pp. 1–88). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
(2) Fillmore, C. (1976). Frame semantics and the nature of language. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: Conference on the Origin and Development of Language and Speech, 280, 20–32.
(3) Fillmore, C. (1982). Frame semantics. In Linguistics in the morning calm (pp. 111–137). Seoul: Hanshin Publishing.
(4) Pustejovsky, J. (1991). The generative lexicon. Computational Linguistics, 17, 409–441. _____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014