Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Metonymy: metonymy is the replacement of a linguistic expression by another, which is allowed by a meaning relation of both expressions. The meaning of the first expression may include that of the second, or vice versa. See also metaphors, translation.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Excerpt Meta data

Books on Amazon:
Peter Gärdenfors
I 40
Metonymy/Gärdenfors: their role is above all referential: it takes out a certain aspect of an entity and helps in understanding a situation. Classical cases are pars pro toto and totum pro parte. E.g. Proust is difficult to read, e.g. Napoleon attacked Russia.
Metaphor: is based on similarity between domains
Metonymy: is based on meronomic (part/whole-) relations within one and the same domain. (See also Lakoff and Turner (1989, p. 103).
Gärdenfors: Thesis on metaphors and metonymies: metaphors refer to images between domains - metonymies refer to meronomic (part/whole-) relations and other relations within domains.
I 41
Metonymy/Tradition: traditionally the metonymy was explained by contiguity. Later, cognitive linguistics introduced the terms domain and domain matrix.
VsContiguity/linguistics: contiguity is too vague and requires prototypes as examples.
Problem: e.g. the whole house woke up: the people are not parts of the house. Rather, their localization is part of the localization of the house. (See Peirsman and Geeraerts (2006)).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Gä I
P. Gärdenfors
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-22