|Semantics: Semantics is the field of linguistics, which deals with the meaning of expressions, words, parts of words, sentences or signs. Aids for ascertaining the meaning are investigations of the use and the determination of the truth value (true or false) of the statements, which can be determined from the linguistic or action-like utterances. Therefore, semantic questions are ultimately truth questions. See also truth, reference, meaning, sense, semiology, signs, symbols, syntax, pragmatics, linguistics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Semantics/Semantic theories/Gärdenfors: two traditions:
A) Realistic theories: deal with whole sentences and takes the building blocks (individuals and predicates) as given.
B) Cognitive theories: they are more concerned with individual words and their meanings. They place people in the center.
VsFodor: the cognitive approach is directed against modular theories such as those of Fodor (Fodor 1983).
Semantics/Gärdenfors: I assume a general cognitive framework to reach conclusions in relation to semantics. Most of the other authors instead assume generalizations about a limited set of linguistic data._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014