Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Learning: learning is acquiring the ability to establish relationships between signs, symptoms or symbols and objects. This also includes e.g. recognition and recollection of patterns, similarities, sensory perceptions, self-perception, etc. In the ideal case, the ability to apply generalizations to future cases is acquired while learning. See also knowledge, knowledge-how, competence.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 26
Learning/convexity/Gärdenfors: that properties are convex (i.e. that points lying inbetween in the quality space have the same property as outer points with this property) facilitates the learning of categories.
I 42
Learning/Gärdenfors: when learning concepts, we must start from a few specimen, which we then generalize. (See Reed, 1972, Nosofsky, 1986, 1988, Langley, 1996). When we accept prototypes, we can say that typical instances are obtained from the examples by finding something like a middle position in the domain. (Langley, 1996, p.99).
This middle position can then again be used for a Voronoi-tessellation of the region. ((s) Division of the domain into adjacent sections with a respective center.)> Prototype/Gärdenfors.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Gä I
P. Gärdenfors
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-24