|Communication: In general, communication is the transmission of information between several entities (people, animals, cells) that are able to process this information. In communication, information is copied and not merely transmitted, since it is not lost at the original location. New information emerges where applicable in the individuals involved in the communication. The aim of communication is to change the information of a recipient. Human communication also includes the manner of transmission, e.g. ironic coloring of a quotation or the knowledge about the credibility of a source. See also information, language, communication theory, actions, understanding, frame theories._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Peter Gärdenfors on Communication - Dictionary of Arguments
Communication/Gärdenfors: human communication requires that one understands not only the meaning of the signs, but also understands that a sign can be used communicatively. (Communicative sign function).
Communicative sign function/Gärdenfors: implies that the sign has the same meaning for transmitter and receiver.
Level 0: Practice: Interaction without intentional communication.
Level 1: Instruction: Coordination is produced by instruction.
Level 2: Coordination of inner worlds: People inform each other mutually.
Level 3: Coordination of meanings: people negotiate the meaning of expressions and other signals.
Coordination/Gärdenfors: two main types:
a) consensus about meanings, but not in the knowledge of facts of the world. For example, two people identify their localizations on a map.
b) Adapting the understanding of meanings to be able to return to an earlier level of coordination. E.g. Coordination by updating the map. > Fixed point/Gärdenfors, Communication/Gärdenfors._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014