Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Peter Gärdenfors

I 155
Function/Functional properties of actions/Gärdenfors: functional properties of actions are not easy to analyze in object categories. E.g. Paul Auster asks in his book City of Glass: What happens when a thing (sic, not action) no longer fulfills its function? Is it still the same thing? (Auster, 1992, p.77).
Solution/Gärdenfors: it is about what a thing can do or what it affords.
I 157
The expression "afford" is borrowed from Gibson's theory of perception (Gibson, 1979). However, Gibson interprets the concept realistically, i.e. independent of the viewer, while I refer the expression to the conceptual space (of the viewer).
Thesis on Functional Properties/Gärdenfors: a functional property of an object is a convex set of actions in which the object is involved in the underlying force patterns.
Ultimately, functional properties can be explained principally by forces.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Gä I
P. Gärdenfors
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-04-20