Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Fiction: a counterfactual assumption or history. In philosophy, it is the question how a truth value can be attributed to fictional statements. See also idealization, as if, truth, facts, counterfactuals, theories, theoretical entities, existence, ontology.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Peter Gärdenfors

I 128
Fictions/fictitious objects/Gärdenfors: if we assume that an object is completely determined by the set of its property (Leibniz' principle), then all points, specified for all domains, can be viewed in a conceptual space as representations of possible objects. Such fictitious objects can then be viewed as cognitive constructs that do not need a reference in the external world. E.g. unicorns, witches, centaurs.
Fictitious objects/Meinong/GärdenforsVsMeinong/Gärdenfors: my approach (of points in a conceptual space) does not allow impossible objects such as Meinong's round square.
Solution/Gärdenfors: round and square are represented as separate regions of the form space so that no object can have both properties.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Gä I
P. Gärdenfors
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-04-19