# Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Property: what can be ascribed to an object in order to distinguish it from other objects. In philosophy, there is debate about whether properties exist or whether "bare particulars" exist. Expressions for properties are predicates. Not every predicate will refer to a property. See also quantification over properties, 2nd order logic, HOL, completeness.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

G��rdenfors on Properties - Dictionary of Arguments

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Properties/Gärdenfors: denotes information that relate to a single > domain. Gärdenfors (1990, 2000) (1)(2): Thesis: A property is a convex region in a domain.
Definition convex/Gärdenfors: a region R is convex if for every two points x and y in R all points between x and y are also R.
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If x and y have a particular property, then they also have intervening points.
Properties: are a special case of terms: while properties are based on a single domain, terms are based one or more domains (Gärdenfors 2000)(2).
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Properties/Product space/Gärdenfors: Product spaces in the coordinate system become relevant when dimensions of different domains are combined. E.g. comparative adjectives.
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E.g. mountain/hill: mountains are more about height, so the prototype has a triangular shape in the coordinate system, in contrast to the prototype of the hill, in which both height and width are important and therefore has a rectangular shape.

1. Gärdenfors, P. (1990). Induction, conceptual spaces, and AI. Philosophy of Science, 57, 78–95.
2. Gärdenfors, P. (2000). Conceptual spaces: The geometry of thought. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

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P. Gärdenfors
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014

> Counter arguments against Gärdenfors
> Counter arguments in relation to Properties ...

Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-01-25