|Deduction: necessary conclusion from the given premises. From the general to the particular. - In contrast, induction from special cases to the general._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Deduction/Shirky/Gärdenfors: (Shirky, 2003) (1): deductive reason is over-estimated by people who work on artificial intelligence and especially on the Semantic Web.
GärdenforsVsDerscartes: this over-estimation comes from Arthur Conan Doyle whose Sherlock Holmes stories have done more harm to the idea of how the human mind works than anything since Descartes.
(1) Shirky, C. (2003). The Semantic Web, syllogism, and worldview. http://www.shirky.com/writings/semantic_syllogism.html.
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014