|Deduction: necessary conclusion from the given premises. From the general to the particular. - In contrast, induction from special cases to the general._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Books on Amazon:
Deduction/Shirky/Gärdenfors: (Shirky, 2003): deductive reason is over-estimated by people who work on artificial intelligence and especially on the Semantic Web.
GärdenforsVsDerscartes: this over-estimation comes from Arthur Conan Doyle whose Sherlock Holmes stories have done more harm to the idea of how the human mind works than anything since Descartes._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014