|Domain: In model theory a set of defined objects, for which a model is satisfiable. In logic a set of objects that can be related to statements._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Domain/Definition Semantic Domain/Gärdenfors: we use the concepts of integral and separable dimensions from cognitive psychology (according to Garner, 1974; Maddox, 1992; Melara, 1992; Kemler Nelson, 1993).
Garner (1974): Garner, W. R. The processing of information an structure. Potomac, MD.
Maddox (1992): Maddox, W. T. Perceptual and decisional separability. In G. F. Ashby (Ed.), Multidimensional models of perception and cognition (pp. 147-180). Hillsdale, NJ.
Melara (1992): Melara, R. D. The concept of perceptual similarity: From psychophysics to cognitive psychology. In D. Algom (Ed.) Psychophysical approaches to cognition (pp. 303-388). Amsterdam.
Kemler Nelson (1993): Kemler Nelson, D. G. Processing integral dimensions: The whole view. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 19, 1105-1113.
Definition integral quality dimension: here one cannot assign a value to a dimension without assigning a value to another dimension. E.g. color hue: cannot be specified without specifying a color saturation.
Definition separable quality dimension: here one dimension can be specified independently of others. E.g. size.
Definition Domain/Gärdenfors: is a set of integral dimensions, which can be separated from all other dimensions.
Many domains consist of only one dimension: e.g. temperature, weight.
Gärdenfors thesis: the distribution of cognitive representations to domains is reflected in semantics.
Domain/Gärdenfors: dimensions of properties do not usually occur alone, but are grouped together in domains (e.g. colors). Thesis: Learning (language acquisition) is organized by domains.
Cognitive linguistics/Cognitive semantics/Gärdenfors: their representatives use the concept of the domain that originates from Gestalt psychology (central terms: figure and background).
See also: Langacker (2008, p.44), Clausner and Croft (1999, p.1)
Langacker (2008): Langacker, R. W. Cognitive grammar: A basic introduction. Oxford.
Clausner & Croft (1999): Clausner, T. C. / Croft, W. Domains and image schemas. Cognitive Linguistics, 10, 1-31.
Word: its semantic structure consists then of the concept (figure) and the assumed structure of the domain(background).
GärdenforsVsLangacker: its concept of the configurable domain should be viewed better than meronomic information about parts and whole.
Higher-level domains/Gärdenfors: if we accept them, we can assume terms in one domain as configurational, but in a different domain as described locally.
Solution/Gärdenfors: a hierarchy of domains.
Domain/Conceptual domain/Conceptual space/Qualities/Properties/Gärdenfors: a domain that is represented as a coordination system (see forms/conceptual domain/Gärdenfors) can be used for the representation of general patterns and configurations (Marr and Nishihara, 1978). Clausner and Croft (p.9) argue that intervals and chords are such configurational patterns.
Marr & Nishihara (1978): Marr, D. & Nishihara, K. H. Representation and recognition oft he spatial organization of three-dimensional shapes. Proceedings oft he Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 200, 269-294.
Family relationships/Gärdenfors: can also be represented in such spaces (Zwart 2010a) - so not as a family tree, but as a two-dimensional surface.
Zwarts (2010a): Zwarts, J. Forceful Prepositions. In V. Evans & P. Chilton (Eds.) Language, cognition an space: The state of the art and new directions (pp. 193-214). London.
Domain/semantic domains/Gärdenfors: central advantage of semantic domains: sharing of meanings in different domains makes new forms of cooperation possible._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014