|Concept: term for an entity with certain properties. The properties of an object correspond to the features of the concept. These concept features are necessary in contrast to the properties of an individual object, which are always contingent._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Concept/Gärdenfors: concepts are expressed by words.
Concepts/Waismann/Gärdenfors(1): Thesis: most concepts are essentially incomplete in the sense that one can only specify some characteristic of the concept, but not all.
Concepts/Gärdenfors: are based on one or more quality domains (while properties are based on one domain at a time). Concepts have several cognitive functions: they categorize perceptions, play a role in concluding, and form the basis for word meanings.
(1) Waismann, F. (1968). Verifiability. In A. G. N. Flew (Ed.), Logic and language (pp. 117-144 (p.121)). Oxford: Blackwell.
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014