|Meaning: Differs from the reference object (reference). The object does not have to exist for an expression to have a meaning. Words are not related to objects in a one-to-one correspondence. There is an important distinction between word meaning and sentence meaning. See also use theory, sentence meaning, reference, truth._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Meaning/Gärdenfors: Thesis: Semantics, understood as a "meeting of minds", implies that the meanings of expressions do not reside in the external world and also not exclusively in the speakers' image schemas, but are from the communicative interactions of the language users. Therefore, meanings are in the mind of the speakers. Gärdenfors (1993) (1),
Warglien & Gärdenfors (2013) (2)
GärdenforsVsPutnam: meanings are in the head.
Gärdenfors: I do not assume that speakers have the same image schemas or the same representations.
(1) Gärdenfors, P. (1993). The emergence of meaning. Linguistics and Philosophy, 16, 285–309.
(2) Gärdenfors, P., & Warglien, M. (2013). The development of semantic space for pointing and verbal communication. In J. Hudson, U. Magnusson, & C. Paradis (Eds.), Conceptual spaces and the construal of spatial meaning: Empirical evidence from human communication (pp. 29–42). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014