|Interest: interest is the mental alignment to a present or imagined object. Interest can be situational and temporally limited, or it can even be situation-independent and persistent. Objects or situations that are perceived to be repulsive can also arouse interest. See also intention, attention, intelligence, utility, intentions, relevance, understanding, goals, purposes._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Interest/equality/Principle/P. Singer: also in the pursuit of our principle that we assess interests independently of people, we must, of course, take into account what interests someone has and that may vary greatly, depending on the gifts he has. But intelligence has nothing to do with the fundamental interests of people, such as pain prevention or food procurement.
Slavery/P. Singer: Considering interests: the suffering inflicted on the slave is much stronger than the slave owner's benefit.
Therefore, an intellect-based slave society is excluded by our principle of equal weighing of interests as well as cruder forms of racism and sexism, or discrimination on the basis of disabilities.
Marginal utility/P. Singer: the more a person benefits from a thing, the less he gains by extra supply with this thing. Such a principle can play a role in the balancing of the care of differently severely injured people._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015