|Emergence: emergence is an expression for the appearance of new properties in a composition of elements that these elements do not have in themselves. In the philosophy of mind there is, for example, the view that the mind emerges from the brain. Opposite positions argue that the properties in question can be explained by a more detailed description of the interplay of the elements on the lower level and thus already exist. See also consciousness, identity theory, materialism, physicalism, self-organization, systems._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Emergence/Consciousness/Chalmers: it is sometimes asked why I do not assume that consciousness emerges from physical facts.
ChalmersVsEmergence: the well-known examples of emergence, e.g. Self-organization in biological systems or patterns in bird flocks are not analogous to consciousness.
Consciousness: should be emergent in a much stronger sense. E.g. Broad 1925 (1):
Emergence/Broad: According to his thesis, emergent properties are not even predictable from all known physical properties of a more basic level.
ChalmersVsBroad: this is a strong variant of the property dualism.
It would require additional fundamental laws.
1. C. D. Broad, Mind and Its Place in Natur, London 1925_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Conscious Mind Oxford New York 1996
Constructing the World Oxford 2014