Sigmund Freud on Justice - Dictionary of Arguments
Rawls I 539
Justice/Envy/Jealousy/Freud/RawlsVsFreud/Rawls: in his explanation of the emergence of the sense of justice, Freud confuses envy and resentment (see Resentiment/Rawls).
Sense of justice/Freud/Rawls: Freud notes that the sense of justice arises from envy and jealousy. While some members of a social group are jealously anxious to secure their advantages, the disadvantaged are tempted by envy to rob them of these advantages. In the end, everyone realizes that they cannot pursue each other with hostile feelings without damaging themselves. As a compromise, they agree on equal treatment. Thus, the formation of a sense of justice is a reaction; a transformation of envy and jealousy into a social feeling. Freud assumes that this is learned in kindergarten and other social circumstances.
RawlsVsFreud: this requires that the original settings are described correctly.
However, in the initial situation of a society to be established, we do not assume that the members are driven by jealousy and envy. When children show feelings of envy or jealousy, we can also assume that they are the result of resentment, i. e. the feeling that has been violated against a principle of justice. (See Resentment/Rawls). (Cf. J. N. Shklar, Men and Citizens, (Cambridge, 1969), p. 49.)
Justice/Freud/Rawls: what Freud means is that the energy that leads to the formation of the sense of justice comes from the energy of jealousy and envy and that without this energy there would be no need to create justice._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Psychoanalyse Hamburg 2011
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005