|Höffe I 55
Justice/Aristoteles/Höffe: Characteristic of justice is the property of being
Höffe I 56
owed. Aristotle hints at it where he speaks of the allotrion agathon, of the "foreign good", a good to which the other has a claim. In doing so, he anticipates the modern separation of law and morality: Justice differs from generosity and magnanimity in that it alone is owed and only in it may the coercive law intervene.
Sub-areas within justice: According to the subject area, he distinguishes justice in so far as it constitutes the entire virtue that
"general justice" (iustitia generalis), by the
"special justice" (iustitia particularis). This deals with external goods such as offices and dignity, income or money and health or security.
Social goods: For these "basic social goods" Aristotle, in contrast to the modern welfare state, did not envisage any redistribution.
In contrast to Plato(1), both [forms of justice] are directed only at others, not also at themselves. For an injustice against oneself can only be spoken of in a metaphorical sense.
1 Plato, Nomoi, I 631c-d
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016