|Protagoras: early Sophist, ca. 485 - ca. 415 BC. Well-known, is the so-called homo-mensura- sentence "Man is the measurement of all things - for the beings that they are; for the non-existent that they are not." This sentence is understood to be the sum of the sophistical enlightenment, namely, the assertion that nothing is superior or superordinate to the human. However, the sentence should not be interpreted as an ethical relativization, but it should be understood in an epistemological way. (See Der kleine Pauly, Lexikon der Antike, Munich 1979)._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Protagoras/Sophist/Taureck: (~ 485-415) Protagoras is one of the first and most important representatives. Forty years profession of the paid thinker.
He was commissioned in 444 by the democratic Athens to formulate a constitution for the stand of Thuroi in southern Italy.
In the end, like Socrates, but also Phidias and Anaxagoras, he was supposed to have been a victim of the Athenian democracy. The reason is probably his remark that he does not know anything about the existence and nature of the gods.
Supposedly he was expelled from Athens and burned his books on the market. He supposedly drowned on departure in the sea storm. Banishment is now being doubted.
Protagoras wrote books on science, gods, ambition and truth. None of these was preserved.
Z: "The human is the measure of all things".
Our main source: Plato: "Protagoras", "Theaitetos".
Protagoras/Taureck: there is no proof that Protagoras regarded humans as equal.
Already in antiquity, he was interpreted differently, either phenomenally or realistically._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
B. H.F. Taureck
Die Sophisten Hamburg 1995