Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Sophists: the sophists were a group in Greek antiquity between ca. 450 and 380 BC which did not form a closed doctrine. Their representatives questioned, among other things, the traditional doctrine of the gods, without however denying the existence of the gods. (See Der Kleine Pauly, Lexikon der Antike, Munich 1979). See also Protagoras, Critias, Gorgias, Thrasymachus, Hippias, Antiphon, Callicles.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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I 8
Sophists/Taureck: contemporary meaning of Sophists is: "knowledgeable, experienced men".
There was a turn to humans and to anthropological questions. Relationship of the human to the state.
Before, being, cosmos and nature were in the foreground.
I 9
The Sophists are linked to money and power struggles. "Whores of knowledge," in such a way the author lets Socrates speak.
Sophists appeared as teachers of public speech. Time of the reign of the "30 tyrants": 404 - 403, Peloponnese war: 431 - 404.
Resolutions of the people's assemblies were majority resolutions.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Tau I
B. H.F. Taureck
Die Sophisten Hamburg 1995

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-22