|Dialectic: the expression dialectic has several meanings in philosophy. A. In the rhetorical sense, it is the art of conversation, B. The elaboration of more detailed determinations of a problem or concept by contrasting inherent opposites. C. In Hegel, dialectics means the movement of thought according to the inner constitution of the process of thought and the movement of reality corresponding to this movement of thought. See also thinking, world/thinking._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Gadamer I 464
Dialectics/Ancient Philosophy/Gadamer: The Greeks have something ahead of us, who are entangled in the aporias of subjectivism, when it comes to understanding the supersubjective powers that dominate history. They did not seek to establish the objectivity of knowledge from and for subjectivity. Rather, their thinking saw itself a priori as a moment in being itself. Parmenides saw in him the most important signpost on the way to the truth of being. The dialectic, this experience of the Logos, was, as we emphasized, for the Greeks not a movement carried out by thinking, but the movement of the thing itself, which can be experienced by him.
Gadamer: The fact that such a phrase sounds like Hegel does not imply a false modernization, but testifies to a historical connection. In the situation of newer thinking that we have marked, Hegel has consciously taken up the model of Greek dialectic(1). Whoever wants to go into the school of the Greeks has therefore always gone through the school of Hegel.
His dialectic of thought determinations as well as his dialectic of the forms of knowledge repeat in explicit execution the total mediation of thinking and being, which used to be the natural element of
Gadamer I 465
of Greek thought. In that our hermeneutic theory seeks to acknowledge the interweaving of events and understanding, it is not only referred back to Hegel, but to Parmenides._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977