|States of affairs: is an expression for something that can be represented by a sentence. See also facts, situations, actions, objects, states, atomic sentences, protocol sentences._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Gadamer I 449
State of Affairs/Ancient Philosophy/Gadamer: A thing that behaves in such and such a way, - therein lies the recognition of independent otherness, which presupposes a speaking person's own distance from the thing. It is based on this distance that something stands out as a separate fact and
to become the content of a statement that others can also understand. In the structure of the factual situation that stands out, there is always something negative in it. To be this and not that, constitutes the certainty of all being.
Negative state of affairs: So there are basically also negative state of affairs that Greek thinking thought first. Already in the mute monotony of the eleatic principle of the assignment of being and "Noein", Greek thought followed the fundamental objectivity of language, and Plato, in overcoming the eleatic concept of being, then recognized non-being in being as the actual enabling of speaking of being. Of course, in the multipart voice leading of the Logos of Eidos, (...) the question of the own being of language cannot really unfold, so much was Greek thinking filled with the objectivity of language. By pursuing the natural experience of the world in its linguistic form, it thinks of the world as being.
Logos: Whatever it thinks as being, stands out as logos, as a meaningful state of affairs, from the enclosing whole that forms the world horizon of language. What is thought to be is not actually the object of statements, but rather "comes to expression in statements". Thus it gains its truth, its revelation in human thinking. Thus, Greek ontology is based on the objectivity of language by thinking the essence of language from the statement._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977