|Question: a sentence within a communication context that requires one or more further sentences (see also answers). The question in many languages is characterized by a slightly altered word position, as opposed to the corresponding sentence, as well as an attached or pre-set symbol (question symbol). A response is not guaranteed and does not have to be done so that a question retains its form and content. See also statements, commands, sentences, speech act theory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Ancient Philosophy on Questions - Dictionary of Arguments
Gadamer I 372
Questions/Ancient Philosophy/Gadamer: (...) in the Socratic-Platonic dialectic the art of questioning [is] raised to conscious handling (...). However, this art is a matter of its own. (...) [it is] reserved (...) for those who want to know, who therefore already have questions. The art of questioning is not the art of resisting the compulsion of opinions - it already presupposes this freedom. It is not at all an art in the sense in which the Greeks speak of >Techne, not a teachable skill through which one becomes powerful in the knowledge of truth. The so-called epistemological digression of the 7th letter is rather aimed precisely at setting this strange art of dialectic in its uniqueness against all that can be taught and learned. The art of dialectic is not the art of arguing victoriously against everyone. On the contrary, it is possible that he or she who exercises the art of dialectic, i.e. the art of questioning and seeking truth, will be the loser in arguing in the eyes of the listeners.
Dialectic as the art of questioning only proves its worth in the fact that the one who knows how to ask is able to capture his or her questioning, and that means: the direction into the >open. The art of questioning is the art of asking further questions, i.e. it is the art of thinking. It is called dialectic, because it is the art of having a real conversation._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977