Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Ethics, philosophy: ethics is concerned with the evaluation and justification of actions and ultimately a justification of morality. See also good, values, norms, actions, deontology, deontic logic, consequentialism, morals, motives, reasons, action theory.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Adorno XIII 224
Ethics/Epicurus/Adorno: the Epicurean materialism is designed essentially in regard to ethics. His ethics are hedonistic, i.e. the supreme good, the summum bonum is the pleasure to him, the unconditional evil is the pain to him. His justification is, in turn, a late common property of late antiquity. He shares it with the Stoa. Finally, its points back to cynicism, namely with the observation that the children strive for pleasure and avoid displeasure.
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Adorno XIII 226
Ataraxy/Ethics/Epicurus/Adorno: Ataraxy is the epicurean ideal of the middle. In the ataraxy the Stoics are mocked. (EpicurusVsStoa, EpicurusVsStoicism).
Ethics/Antiquity/Adorno: In ethics, the difference between the schools that are usually similiar to each other, was marked the most.
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XIII 227
Ethics/Epicurus/Adorno: the nature-ruling thinking does not simply enter from the outside, but at the moment when one begins to think about pleasure and the possibility of pleasure at all, one is necessarily driven into this dialectic. In the Epicurean philosophy this means no less than that the pleasure is subordinated to the mind.
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XIII 228
Recognition/Epicurus: the highest good - similar to his metaphysical antipodes Plato and Aristotle - is insight.
Infinite/Epicurus/Ethics/Adorno: the idea of the infinite, which is the central one for German speculation, is simply lacking in Greek ethics.
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XIII 230
Ethics/Epicurus/Adorno: his most famous principle to withdraw into privacy:
"Live as a hidden being" or "remain hidden as a living being"
arose after the thought of the change in the state system became invalid.
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XIII 231
Ethics/Lukàcs/Adorno: Lukàcs has called this private ethics.
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XIII 235
AdornoVsEpicurus: the pleasure principle is derived from nature in Epicurus. The concept of universality derived from this, however, turns into the exact opposite of what it was supposed to be, according to that norm of self-existence, which is self-sufficient in itself.
It becomes the privilege of the few who can afford to live in secret. Such a group has addressed Stendhal in a famous statement as the happy few. (Footnote XIII 323, Adorno refers to motto to Stendhal's novel Lucien Leuwen cited by Lord Byron).
AdornoVsEpicurus: at the same time, the seclusion also makes the individual himself perish.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Epicurus
A I
Th. W. Adorno
Max Horkheimer
Dialektik der Aufklärung Frankfurt 1978

A II
Theodor W. Adorno
Negative Dialektik Frankfurt/M. 2000

A III
Theodor W. Adorno
Ästhetische Theorie Frankfurt/M. 1973

A IV
Theodor W. Adorno
Minima Moralia Frankfurt/M. 2003

A V
Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophie der neuen Musik Frankfurt/M. 1995

A VI
Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften, Band 5: Zur Metakritik der Erkenntnistheorie. Drei Studien zu Hegel Frankfurt/M. 1071

A VII
Theodor W. Adorno
Noten zur Literatur (I–IV) Frankfurt/M. 2002

A VIII
Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften in 20 Bänden: Band 2: Kierkegaard. Konstruktion des Ästhetischen Frankfurt/M. 2003

A IX
Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften in 20 Bänden: Band 8: Soziologische Schriften I Frankfurt/M. 2003

A XI
Theodor W. Adorno
Über Walter Benjamin Frankfurt/M. 1990

A XII
Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophische Terminologie Bd. 1 Frankfurt/M. 1973

A XIII
Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophische Terminologie Bd. 2 Frankfurt/M. 1974


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-22