Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Existence, philosophy, logic: the fact that there is something to which properties can be attributed. That does not mean that something has to be given immediately or can be perceived by the senses. See also ontology, properties, predicates, existence statements, realism, quantification, ascription.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
Adorno XIII 192
Existence/Democritus/Adorno: first principle: nothing ventured, nothing gained and nothing what is, can be destroyed.
Kant/Adorno: in the system of the principles of Kant, in the first analogy of experience one finds precisely this principle of Democritus.
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XIII 193
Democritus goes extraordinarily nominalistically from the individual to the whole, in that, as the true being, the parts are viewed as opposed to the whole that is composed of it.
Unity/Materialism/Adorno: It can be said that wherever the thought of matter is at the center of a philosophical conception, the participle is made substantial, because the unity moment is always mind, reflection.
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XIII 194
Then the wholeness or the totality of its existence appears as a mere appearance.
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Adorno XIII 198
Existence/Democritus/Adorno: 3. Principle: That nothing exists at all except the atoms and the empty space. Everything else is mere opinion, that is, is appearance, doxa.
Appearance/Democritus/Materialism/Adorno: In this concept of appearance, which is criticized, the democritical materialism is not only connected with Plato, but also with the Eleatics (on the not so different concept of unity of nature in Democritus and the being with the Eleatics).
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XIII 199
PlatoVsDemocritus/Adorno: even in Plato, as in the extreme counter-position to Democritus, on the one hand only the essence, only the idea should have reality, and the spatial world is simply called the "not his". In spite of this, the doctrine of the Methexis is formed by him, than the doctrine that this individual, in space and time, participated in the ideas themselves. That would be unimaginable if it was the absolutely void.
Essence/Being/Democritus/Eleatics/Adorno: the distinction between the intrinsical and the actual being or of the being and the mere doxa is completely common to Democritus and its eleatic opponents.
Materialism: one finds this motive of the strictly performed distinction between essence and appearance through history, as, for example, in Marx.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Democritus
A I
Th. W. Adorno/M.Horkheimer
Dialektik der Aufklärung Frankfurt 1978

A II
Theodor W. Adorno
Negative Dialektik Frankfurt/M. 2000

A III
Theodor W. Adorno
Ästhetische Theorie Frankfurt/M. 1973

A IV
Theodor W. Adorno
Minima Moralia Frankfurt/M. 2003

A IX
Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften in 20 Bänden: Band 8: Soziologische Schriften I Frankfurt/M. 2003

A V
Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophie der neuen Musik Frankfurt/M. 1995

A VI
Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften, Band 5: Zur Metakritik der Erkenntnistheorie. Drei Studien zu Hegel Frankfurt/M. 1071

A VII
Theodor W. Adorno
Noten zur Literatur (I–IV) Frankfurt/M. 2002

A VIII
Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften in 20 Bänden: Band 2: Kierkegaard. Konstruktion des Ästhetischen Frankfurt/M. 2003

A XI
Theodor W. Adorno
Über Walter Benjamin Frankfurt/M. 1990

A XII
Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophische Terminologie Bd. 1 Frankfurt/M. 1973

A XIII
Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophische Terminologie Bd. 2 Frankfurt/M. 1974


> Counter arguments against Democritus
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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-21