|Rationalism, philosophy: rationalism is a collective term for theories that, in addition to the original question, which statements are true, take the demand for consistency as the starting point for their creation. Rationalist theories are, of course, more linguistic and logical than empirical approaches. In conflict situations, they may be more concerned about coherence than about correspondence. See also empiricism, verifiability, verificationism, coherence, coherence theory, inferentialism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Arndt II 188
VsRationalism / Arndt: confusion between the simple and the general! Obscured the debate about the analyticity criterion - made falsely seem possible the derivation of properties from essential concepts - LockeVs: he avoids this by distinguishing: ascent (bottom-up): in the formation of ideas by abstraction from particular to general (from the individual to species and genus) - descent (top-down) reducing the composite (complex ideas) to the simple._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen - Neuzeit I, J. Speck (Hg), Göttingen 1997