Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Theology: in Greek ancient times originally a narrative about the Gods, later a more and more theoretical-scientific exploration of the divine. From the second century, theology becomes increasingly monotheistic. The concept of theology is not used in non-Christian religions.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Norbert Bolz, Willem van Reijen, Walter Benjamin Frankfurt 1991

I 14
Theology/Politics/Benjamin: Theology and political thought form a totality that must be thought of as a juxtaposition of extremes.
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I 17
Benjamin is often called a witness of historical materialism, negative theology, and even of literary-scientific deconstructivism.
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I 21
Secularization of theology (1st history-philosophical thesis: theology must seek protection in historical materialism).
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I 31
Theology/Benjamin: Exodus from the philosophy in the commentary.
Benjamin himself hides his metaphysical and theological motifs in his work.
Typical formulas: "brush against the stroke" "cover and veiled".
Secularization of theology for its salvation.
Turn to a "pragmatic" communism.
Salvation: salvation is not the goal of history, but its end.
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I 34
Theology/Benjamin: Because theocracy has no political meaning, the world politics of the political theologian must be nihilistic in order to promote its mental meaning. This is the scheme according to which Benjamin's studies on Baroque, Baudelaire and Surrealism also articulate a Gnostic protest. It is directed against the return of antiquity on the apex of modernity as it is predicted by Nietzsche in Max Weber's doctrine of Occidental Realism.
Eye to eye with fascism, theology is forced into inversion
If a free mankind is to seek happiness in the field of history, the dependent mankind must now take a foot in hopelessness. Foot ... not hope.
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I 36
Teaching is abolished critique, critique is inverse theology and religion is the "concrete totality of experience".


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-18