|Myth: the Greek word myth denotes a more or less legendary story that spreads a doctrine linked to a claim for validity. See also logos._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Myths/Mythical world interpretation/Myth/mythical culture/forms of life/Habermas: we are dealing here with a confusion between internal meaningful and external factual contexts. Internal relationships exist between symbolic expressions, external relationships between entities that occur in the world. In this sense, the logical relationship between reason and consequence is regarded as internal, the causal relationship between cause and effect as external.
But only against the backdrop of an objective world and measured against criticisable claims to truth and success can opinions appear to be systematically false, intentions for action seem to be systematically hopeless, could thoughts appear as fantasies, as mere imaginations.
Myth/Myths/Habermas: In mythical worldviews as the background for the interpretation of a lifeworld in a social group, the burden of interpretation is taken away from the individual group members as well as the chance to achieve a critical agreement. Here, the linguistic view of the world is reified as a world order and cannot be seen through as a critisable system of interpretation.
Myths/Habermas: while mythical narratives interpret a ritual practice and make it understandable, but are themselves part of this practice, the religious and metaphysical worldviews of prophetic origin have the form of intellectually editable doctrines that explain and justify an existing order of rule within the framework of the world order they explicate. (1)
1.S.N.Eisenstadt Cultural Traditions and Political Dynamics: the Origins and Modes of Ideological Politics, Brit. J. Soc, 32, 1981, p. 155ff._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981