Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Concept: term for an entity with certain properties. The properties of an object correspond to the features of the concept. These concept features are necessary in contrast to the properties of an individual object, which are always contingent.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
Sokal I 157
Concepts/Lyotard/BricmontVsLyotard/SokalVsLyotard/Sokal: Lyotard. (J. F. Lyotard, Das postmoderne Wissen. Ein Bericht. Wien, 1993) often uses terms from physics in a wrong context. Lyotard, like other authors who do not come from the natural sciences, often uses terms from the macroscopic realm and mixes them with findings of quantum mechanics which they have heard of but which refer to the microscopic realm where other laws apply.
For example "density of gases" (Lyotard 1993, p. 165), "fractal geometry",
Sokal I 158
"Non-rerectifiable" (Lyotard 1993, S 172f): Lyotard uses the term in the sense of "non-rectifyable". SokalVsLyotard: in fact it is a property of certain non-differentiable curves.
Sokal I 159
Chaos/Chaos Theory/SokalVsLyotard: the terms "linear" and "nonlinear" are used metaphorically by Lyotard and are applied and transferred prematurely.
Socal I 165
Linearity/Nonlinearity/Postmodernity/Sokal: Authors of so-called "postmodern science" have added other meanings to the terms "linear" and "nonlinear".
Sokal I 166
It is not true that Newton had only linear equations.
Sokal I 167
In contrast, the Schrödinger equation of quantum mechanics is absolutely linear. There are very difficult linear and very simple nonlinear problems. Contrary to popular belief, a non-linear system is not necessarily chaotic.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Lyo I
J. F. Lyotard
Dérive à partir de Marx et Freud

Sokal I
Alan Sokal
Jean Bricmont
Fashionabel Nonsense. Postmodern Intellectuals Abuse of Science, New York 1998
German Edition:
Eleganter Unsinn. Wie die Denker der Postmoderne die Wissenschaften missbrauchen München 1999

Sokal II
Alan Sokal
Fashionable Nonsense: Postmodern Intellectuals’ Abuse of Science New York 1999


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-07-18
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