Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Meaning change/semantic change: this is about the question whether the meaning of the terms of a theory change in the light of new knowledge. If they do, problems with incommensurability may arise. See also reference, incommensurability, progress, comparisons.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Jean-Francois Lyotard on Meaning Change - Dictionary of Arguments

Sokal I 158
Meaning Change/Lyotard/BricmontVsLyotard/SokalVsLyotard/Lyotard: (J. F. Lyotard, Das postmoderne Wissen. Ein Bericht. Wien, 1993, p. 172f). Lyotard speaks of a "postmodern science" which develops the theory of its own evolution as discontinuous, catastrophic. It is "not to be corrected". It suggests a legitimation model that is by no means that of the best performance, but that of difference understood as paralogy.
SokalVsLyotard: The theories quoted by Lyotard naturally produce new knowledge, but they do not change the meaning of the word. (Note: with one limitation: meta theorems in mathematical logic such as Gödel's theorem or independence theorems in set theory have a logical status that is slightly different from conventional mathematical theorems.)


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Lyo I
J. F. Lyotard
Dérive à partir de Marx et Freud

Sokal I
Alan Sokal
Jean Bricmont
Fashionabel Nonsense. Postmodern Intellectuals Abuse of Science, New York 1998
German Edition:
Eleganter Unsinn. Wie die Denker der Postmoderne die Wissenschaften missbrauchen München 1999

Sokal II
Alan Sokal
Fashionable Nonsense: Postmodern Intellectuals’ Abuse of Science New York 1999


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-04-11
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