|Code: a code is a systematic rule for replacing characters from a character set with characters from a second set. If communication is supposed to run successfully, the transmitter and receiver both must know the code. The encoding adds nothing to the original information. See also communication, information, character, symbol, system._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Vil��m Flusser on Code - Dictionary of Arguments
Codes/Flusser: The rules that arrange the symbols within a code form the network on which the info becomes information in the first place.
In English, this network is formed inter alia by the rule subject predicate.
Therefore, all the information in this code becomes information about the relation subject predicate.
Chinese or Eskimo languages are different "universes".
In an extreme example of "Fire!" they seem to be falling apart.
The information "There's a fire!" is another, depending on whether it is called or transmitted by ringing bells.
I 84 ff
c) Technical pictures
Before alphabet: Since every spoken language consists of far more tones than letters, the relationship between letters and tone is not unambiguous: a letter can mean more than one tone.
For example, the "e" in "prayer" means two different sounds. On the other hand,"k" and "c" can be the same sound.
The symbols § $ "2" are ideograms which have been transferred from other codes (arithmetic, legal, monetary) into the alphabet. For these and many other reasons, the alphabet must be considered an erroneous, hybrid code that is difficult to use for communication.
Letters: had formerly names: "Alpha": Aramaic,"ox" "Beta":"house".
Such names indicate that the letters must have meant objects rather than sounds.
Codes/Flusser: are dangerous: they program us without being seen through in their essence and threaten us as opaque walls instead of connecting us to reality as visible bridges._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Kommunikologie Mannheim 1996