Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Time: A. Time is a dimension in which events are arranged. At first, no direction (before / after) is defined with this. A time direction can be obtained in the context of the Second Principle of Thermodynamics. However, a global framework must be assumed, within which there is an increase of entropy. The assumption of increasing entropy does not apply to the comparison of local events. B. In the case of the subjective time, the question of direction is less problematic. The perceived time direction is expressed by the learned use of the terms "before" and "after". See also time arrow, time travel, time reversal, symmetry, duration, space time, relativity theory, four-dimensionalism, world lines.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Vilém Flusser on Time - Dictionary of Arguments

I 119
Time in the image/Flusser: can be turned into circles: the time in the image is a stream that flows on the surface to hold its elements together.
E. g. H O H (in a frame) means a scene in which the orbiting time arranges the elements spatially.
I 120
You can roll them spatially apart on two sides:"H2O": then hydrogen and oxygen are causes, 2. 2H + O, then they are consequences of water.
In the first explanation, the scene meant by the picture is the end point of a synthetic process, in the second, of an analytical process. Both explanations order the elements in chronological order.
I 121
However, the information originally contained in the picture is lost, which affects the spatial and especially not procedural relation. The two explanations are in a sense profanations of the original saint.
The order of the picture is not an explanatory order like that of the text, but a total order.
I 132
Time/Flusser: whatever the time experienced may be, it cannot be linear: it comes from all sides. It cannot flow from the past to the future, because it is the future and not the past that arrives.
The present cannot be a point on a ray, for it is the place where all time gathers, i.e. becomes present.
On the other hand, the historical time cannot be more abstract than the magical time, because it can pre-program our concrete experience just as well as the magical time.
You can believe in them as well as in the magical one. Recipients of a textual message (linear) live in a completely different world than that of the magical mood.
They no longer experience the world as "scenes" but as "events" and that means: they experience time as irrevocable.
I 214 ff
Time/Flusser: Time experience in linear consciousness experiences time as a stream flowing from the past into the future, historical past is irrevocably past.
For techno-imaginary consciousness this is pure madness.
a) as soon as you get an impression of the concept of historical time, it becomes apparent that it flows in the opposite direction: from the future to the past: what arrives is not yesterday, but tomorrow.
b) Presence becomes visible as the center of time. Time is recognizable as a tendency to visualization.
For historical consciousness, the present is a point on a line, so the present is unreal once it is, it is no longer.
I 215
For historical consciousness, only becoming is true.
For techno-imagination (TI), such an ontology is a typical example of madness.
1st consequence: For them, only the present is real, because it is the place where the only possible (the future) arrives to be realized, (meaning at the present).
2nd consequence: The past is a hole in the present. However, the past does not appear as a "third time form" (besides the present and the future) but as an aspect of the present - as a "memory."
I 216
3rd Consequence: "politicization" of time: I am constant, the world is variable. Trying to expand the present so that others can be with me in it.
4th Consequence: historical causal chains become senseless: the future arrives, it does not "follow" from something. Birds, for example, do not build nests "because" they are programmed by genetic information, but during nest building it turns out that birds have genetic information.
For example, the French Revolution does not lead to the Russian Revolution, but the Russian Revolution shows that the French Revolution had an internal contradiction.
Although we have this new experience of time, we will not have the consciousness of having it.
I 217
A new, inprogressive future is on the horizon.
Progress has been "suspended" in the past.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Fl I
V. Flusser
Kommunikologie Mannheim 1996

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-06-23
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