Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Description Levels: Levels result from dividing a domain into sub-domains, for which different rules for making statements are valid. Thus, e.g. other statements are made about sets than about their elements. See also metalanguage, object language, theories, metatheory, metalogic, metasemantics, meta-ethics, meta-level, paradoxes, order, 2nd order logic, higher order logic, HOL, completeness.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 86
1. pictograms
2. ideograms
3. hieroglyphics
4. letters. (1 3 precursor of the alphabet: all linear codes)
I 86
Pictogram: an agreed image of an object it means (convention).
I 87
Ideogram: can be the same image as a pictogram, but it no longer means the object but a general situation, an "idea" in which the object participates.
For example, a watery eye can mean "grief".
I 88
Linear codes: e. g. picture box with stick figures, the sun is at the top, in the middle a dog. Next to it the same again without frame, linear order: sun, male, dog, male. (> Scene)
Meaning: The "text" to the right (without frame) means the image, which means the scene.
I 89
Scene: framed picture with stick figures about 2 people walking a dog around noon. If the frame is omitted, it becomes a > linear code.
I 89ff
Alphabet/Flusser: the usual historical explanation of the alphabet is wrong, which was formed through the initial letters of the objects. Semitic alphabets do not know any consonants.
"Genetic" explanation has little to do with the function of the letters in the alphabet.
Meaning/Alphabet: The question: "What is the meaning of the 'C'" in the Latin alphabet? is not related to the camel, which originally depicted it.
The alphabet is a unique invention that was made only once, about 1500 B.C. in the eastern Mediterranean: clay tablets on Crete and Syria: proto-Hebrew: "linear A" proto-Greek: "linear B".
Ulysses and Abraham, for example, were originally the same figure.
The alphabet is a code invented by merchants for merchants
By alphabet: Technical pictures
I 103
Scheme: "World" < Image < Text < technical images
The photographer stands behind the writer, who stands behind the draftsman who stands behind the world. To draw, one has to distance oneself from the world.
Technical Image/Flusser: are to be regarded genetically as a step back from the texts (especially optics and chemistry) and they are consequences of scientific progress.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Fl I
V. Flusser
Kommunikologie Mannheim 1996

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-06-05
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