Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Intuitionism: A) intuitionism in mathematics assumes that the objects to be inspected, e.g. numbers are only constructed in the process of the investigation and are therefore not ready objects, which are discovered. This has an effect on the double negation and the sentence of the excluded middle.
B) Intuitionism of ethics assumes that moral principles are fixed and are immediately (or intuitively) knowable.


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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Thiel I 254
Intuitionism/Brouwer: Brouwer, in his dissertation 1907, called "intuition" "an abstraction of the sense of time without content", as the basis of all human intellectual activity. (> Kant.)
Negation/Kolmogorov: In 1932, the negation "~A" interprets as the assertion from the assumption of a proof for A to be able to derive a contradiction.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Brouwer, L. E. J.
T I
Chr. Thiel
Philosophie und Mathematik Darmstadt 1995


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-23