## Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments | |||

Calculus: a calculus is a system of symbols for objects (which are not further specified) as well as rules for the formation of expressions by the composition of these symbols. There are other rules for transforming composite expressions into other expressions. As long as no specified objects are accepted for the individual symbols, the calculus is not interpreted, otherwise interpreted. | |||

Author | Item | Excerpt | Meta data |
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Books on Amazon |
Thiel I 216 A "fully formalized" calculus for the arithmetic of Lorenzen 1962 consists of 75 rules, including those with 7 premises. --- I 217 We can "linearize" such rule systems: i.e. introduce basic rules without premises, then continue ascending. --- I 219 Ideal is the complete syntactic grasping of evidence. |
Lorn I P. Lorenzen Constructive Philosophy Cambridge 1987 T I Chr. Thiel Philosophie und Mathematik Darmstadt 1995 |

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-29