|Ontology: is the set of material or immaterial objects, of which a theory assumes that it can make statements about them. According to classical logic, an existence assumption must be assumed. In other fields of knowledge, the question of whether relations really exist or are merely mental constructs, is not always regarded as decisive as long as one can work with them. Immaterial objects are e.g. linguistic structures in linguistics. See also existence, mathematical entities, theoretical entities, theoretical terms, reality, metaphysics, semantic web.|
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|Pauen I 99
"Scientific Realism"/Terminology/Pauen: (Scientific Realism): Churchland's and Sellar's approach:
Thesis: The ontology is determined by the entities whose existence asserts our best scientific theories (> best explanation).
The dependence of the language on the ontology will then only exist because it is irrelevant to the above mentioned argument on which our existence assumptions depend.
Churchland/Pauen: committs the sciences to a very strong conception of nature as a kind of "thing-in-itself," ultimate authority in deciding on theories.
Paul M. Churchland
Matter and Consciousness Cambridge 2013
Patricia S. Churchland
Touching a Nerve: Our Brains, Our Brains New York 2014
Grundprobleme der Philosophie des Geistes Frankfurt 2001