Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Reductionism, philosophy: reductionism is a collective term for attempts, to either trace back statements in a subject area to statements from a sub-area of this subject area or equating statements of a subject area with statements of another subject area. The main point here is the justification of such transfers. Reductionism in the narrower sense is the thesis that reduction is possible. Typical reductionisms exist in the domain of the philosophy of mind. See also holism, eliminativism, materialism, physicalism, functionalism.
 
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Books on Amazon
II Patricia Smith Churchland Die Neurobiologie des Bewusstseins - Was können wir von ihr lernen? In Hügli/Lübcke (Hrsg) Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, Reinbek 1993
II 486
KantVsReductionism: the self will never be investigated, it is only to be thought of in the highly abstract conceptualization of "transcendental apperception."
DamasioVsKant: we have a much safer foundation in our body with its skin, bones, muscles, joints, internal organs, etc.

Damas I
Antonio R. Damasio
Descartes’ Irrtum: Fühlen, Denken und das menschliche Gehirn München 2004


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-30